R2PI Policy Packaging Process – An overview
Objective no.5 of R2PI project is: “To translate the knowledge gained throughout the project into policy package concepts tested on real-world conditions (Policy Packages) for use by policy makers (on a national and EU level) and other stakeholders for a resource efficient economy based on the concept of circular economy (This will be delivered in Deliverable 7.1)”
The project will result in 2 main outcomes: the first is business guideline resulting from case studies’ analysis and insights (deliverable 7.2), and the second are the Circular Economy Policy Packages (deliverable 7.1). The Policy Packaging process aims to provide a structured framework for the design of Policy Packages that will lead to effective combinations of policy measures to achieve successful CEBM in R2PI chosen sectors across Europe.
The Policy Packages will be built upon two layers or “sub-packages”:
- The Basic Package aimed at directly achieving the policy goals
- The Effective Package aimed to enhance synergies between policy measures and to minimize unintended effects
Circular Economy Policy Packaging process, i.e. the process of developing the Policy Packages, will start around M18 – on the middle of the project.
The Policy Packages will be designed for each of the chosen sectors (1 Policy Package per each sectoral CEBM) and will be generalized to be applicable on the EU level. The process of each Policy Package’s design is led by the partner responsible for the sectoral case study. In order to ensure a smooth execution of the process, when 2 or more case studies are being conducted in the same sector, all the teams will be involved in the preparation of the Package while one of them will be defined as the leader of the Packaging process.
The Policy Packaging process is structured according to 7 steps followed by all teams, taking use of the consortium’s meetings to hold cross-sector brainstorming sessions and discussions among the partners involved. The process is built on the teams’ expert judgement and the engagement of key stakeholders, policy experts and decision makers throughout the process.
The general steps include:
Step #1: Defining each Policy Package goal(s)
The definition of the goal will be designed specifically to each sector and its unique CEBM. The goal will be developed on the basis of a cross-sector consortium discussion with the purpose of adopting similar goals across the sectors which adhere to the general conceptualization of the Circular Economy.
Step #2: Preparing an inventory of policy measures
Each team (or teams) will prepare a list of around 80 possible policy measures, including regulatory, economic and informational measures that address the chosen goal. The list will be based on the previous work conducted in WP2 (conceptualization) and WP4 (case study execution).
Step #3: Policy measures’ scoring and analysis
All policy measures will be scored according to an “effectiveness” criteria and an “implementability” criteria, after which the measures will be ranked accordingly. The scoring process will allow the teams to thoroughly analyse the measures using a structured methodology enabling to better understand the “pros and cons” of each measure and to weigh it against the others.
Step #4: Selecting 20 most promising measures and finalizing the “Basic Package” Report
On the basis of the scoring mechanism, around 20 “primary” policy measures will be chosen for further analysis. In general, first will be selected the measures which received high scores using both the effectiveness criteria and implementability criteria (‘low hanging fruits’). Then, a mix of relatively effective measures with less impementability potential and easy-to-implement measures with less effectiveness potential will be added to the list. Steps #1-#4 will be summarized into the “Basic Package” Report.
Step #5: Preparing the “Relation Matrix” between the measures
The 20 chosen measures will be systematically analysed through a relation matrix defining the relations between each pair of measures. The relations could be 0 – no relation; P – Pre-Condition; PC – (Potential) Contradiction; F – Facilitation; S – Synergy. The output will be a table showing all relations between the measures. Step 5 should be carried out with the help/judgment of external stakeholders and experts. Following the analysis, “stand alone” measures with no relation to other measures will be questioned and usually removed and the teams will consider how to handle contradicted measures.
Step #6: Identifying unintended effects and addressing them through ancillary measures
This step includes a “causal mapping” technique to examine unintended effects. At this stage, a map of the set of measures is created step-by-step. At each point when a measure is added to the mapping, a variety of unintended effects are considered, taking into account the influence of all other measures already present in the mapping. These identified effects are added to the mapping, and ancillary measures to annul these effects are considered.
Step #7: Finalizing the process and preparing the “Effective Package” Report
Based on the previous steps, the Effective Package can now be in place, including the final set of policy measures enabling to increase the Package’s net-effectiveness. This Package will be presented to an audience of stakeholders and policymakers to receive feedback and then fine-tuned accordingly.
Deliverable 7.1 of the Circular Economy Policy Packages will include the sectoral Effective Policy Packages reports.